"Herrlich", schwärmt ein Pub-Besucher in London. Seit diesem Wochenende dürfen Restaurants, Pubs und Cafés sowie Kinos, Museen und. The Old Bank of England Pub. Bewertungen. Nr. von Nachtleben in London · Bars & Clubs. Treffen Sie Ihre Auswahl und buchen Sie eine Tour! Und manchmal erlebt man auch das Gegenteil, so wie es uns selbst bei unserem allerersten Pub-Besuch in England passiert ist: Vollkommen blauäugig.
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In the West of England, cider made from apples, is very popular. Like wine, it is described as sweet or dry, but is drunk in beer glasses and can be stronger than beer.
Beers are served in "pints" for a large glass and "halves" for a smaller one. Other Beers served.
Most pubs offer a complete range of beers, local and imported, with German, Belgian and French beers being in demand. Although most people think pubs are places where people drink alcohol, pubs in fact sell soft drinks non alcoholic drinks too.
British people drink an average of Opening Hours. British pubs are required to have a licence, which is difficult to obtain, and allows the pub to operate for up to 24 hours.
Most pubs are open from 11 to Pub Food. Nearly all pubs sell pub lunches. One of these is the Ploughman's Lunch which is a great wedge of Cheddar cheese, some bread, some pickle, and an onion.
Other typical pub foods are scampi kind of shellfish and chips fried potatoes , pie and chips, and chicken and chips.
See a sample pub menu. Pub Names. People often refer to the pub by its name when giving directions:Turn left at the Rose and Crown.
There is usually a sign outside the pub showing the pub's name with a picture. Did you know? Retrieved 28 December Retrieved 3 July John's Wood, Crocker's Folly".
Archived from the original on 19 February Retrieved 8 March Archived from the original on 26 March Retrieved 26 December West End Extra.
Archived from the original on 7 December Retrieved 5 December Retrieved 25 March Archived from the original on 3 March London SE1 Community Website.
Evening Standard. Retrieved 21 December The Independent. WC1N 3LZ". Archived from the original on 28 December Camden New Journal. New Journal Enterprises Ltd.
Archived from the original on 25 July Retrieved 17 July UK pub and hospitality bodies have published guidance for bars and restaurants on how to operate contact tracing.
Despite the arrangements for meeting others over the festive period, you will not be allowed to go with your Christmas bubble to hospitality settings, such as pubs and restaurants, or to entertainment venues.
You can meet other people outside your Christmas bubble, but only in line with the tier rules of the area in which you are staying.
Lockdown rules: What Covid tier is your area in and what are the restrictions? Covid rules: What's the evidence for pub restrictions and curfews?
Covid PM sets out 'tougher' post-lockdown tiers for England. There are also special rules over the Christmas period. What are the rules in Wales? If they have an off-licence, they can sell takeaway alcohol up until The regulations will be reviewed on 17 December.
Customers must wear face coverings, except when seated to eat or drink. What are the rules for pubs in England? In tier one , pubs can open until GMT, with last orders at In tier two , pubs and bars can also open until , but only if they operate as a restaurant.
Alcohol can only be served with a substantial meal. However, the "People's Tax" of included a stiff tax on pubs. Beer and liquor consumption fell in half from to , in part because there were many new leisure opportunities.
Opening for the full licensed hours was compulsory, and closing time was equally firmly enforced by the police; a landlord might lose his licence for infractions.
Pubs were closed under the Act and compensation paid, for example in Pembrokeshire. There was a special case established under the State Management Scheme  where the brewery and licensed premises were bought and run by the state until , most notably in Carlisle.
Some Scottish and Welsh parishes remained officially "dry" on Sundays although often this merely required knocking at the back door of the pub.
These restricted opening hours led to the tradition of lock-ins. However, closing times were increasingly disregarded in the country pubs.
Pubs near London's Smithfield market , Billingsgate fish market and Covent Garden fruit and flower market could stay open 24 hours a day since Victorian times to provide a service to the shift working employees of the markets.
Scotland's and Northern Ireland 's licensing laws have long been more flexible, allowing local authorities to set pub opening and closing times. In Scotland, this stemmed from a late repeal of the wartime licensing laws, which stayed in force until The Licensing Act ,  which came into force on 24 November , consolidated the many laws into a single Act.
This allowed pubs in England and Wales to apply to the local council for the opening hours of their choice. It was argued that this would end the concentration of violence around By the time the law came into effect, 60, establishments had applied for longer hours and 1, had applied for a licence to sell alcohol 24 hours a day.
A "lock-in" is when a pub owner allows patrons to continue drinking in the pub after the legal closing time, on the theory that once the doors are locked, it becomes a private party rather than a pub.
Patrons may put money behind the bar before official closing time, and redeem their drinks during the lock-in so no drinks are technically sold after closing time.
The origin of the British lock-in was a reaction to changes in the licensing laws in England and Wales, which curtailed opening hours to stop factory workers from turning up drunk and harming the war effort.
From then until the start of the 21st century, UK licensing laws changed very little, retaining these comparatively early closing times.
The tradition of the lock-in therefore remained. Ireland banned smoking in early in pubs and clubs. In March , a law was introduced to forbid smoking in all enclosed public places in Scotland.
Wales followed suit in April , with England introducing the ban in July By the end of the 18th century a new room in the pub was established: the saloon.
Beer establishments had always provided entertainment of some sort—singing, gaming or sport. Balls Pond Road in Islington was named after an establishment run by a Mr.
Ball that had a duck pond at the rear, where drinkers could, for a fee, go out and take a potshot at the ducks. The saloon was a room where, for an admission fee or a higher price of drinks, singing, dancing, drama, or comedy was performed and drinks would be served at the table.
From this came the popular music hall form of entertainment—a show consisting of a variety of acts.
A few pubs have stage performances such as serious drama, stand-up comedy, musical bands, cabaret or striptease ; however, juke boxes , karaoke and other forms of pre-recorded music have otherwise replaced the musical tradition of a piano or guitar and singing.
The public bar, or tap room, was where the working class were expected to congregate and drink. It had unfurnished floorboards, sometimes covered with sawdust to absorb the spitting and spillages known as "spit and sawdust" , bare bench seats and stools.
Drinks were generally lower quality beers and liquors. This style was in marked contrast to the adjacent saloon or lounge bar which, by the early 20th century, was where male or accompanied female middle-class drinkers would drink.
It had carpeted floors, upholstered seats, and a wider selection of better quality drinks that cost a penny or two more than those served in the public bar.
By the mid 20th century, the standard of the public bar had generally improved. Pub patrons only had to choose between economy and exclusivity or youth and age: a jukebox or dartboard.
By the s, divisions between saloons and public bars were being phased out, usually by the removal of the dividing wall or partition.
While the names of saloon and public bar may still be seen on the doors of pubs, the prices and often the standard of furnishings and decoration are the same throughout the premises.
The "snug" was a small private room or area which typically had access to the bar and a frosted glass window, set above head height.
A higher price was paid for beer in the snug and nobody could look in and see the drinkers. It was not only the wealthy visitors who would use these rooms.
The snug was for patrons who preferred not to be seen in the public bar. Ladies would often enjoy a private drink in the snug in a time when it was frowned upon for women to be in a pub.
The local police officer might nip in for a quiet pint, the parish priest for his evening whisky, or lovers for a rendezvous. These are on a historic interiors list in order that they can be preserved.
The pub took the concept of the bar counter to serve the beer from gin palaces in the 18th century. When purpose built Victorian pubs were built after the Beerhouse Act ,  the main room was the public room with a large serving bar copied from the gin houses, the idea being to serve the maximum number of people in the shortest possible time.
The other, more private, rooms had no serving bar—they had the beer brought to them from the public bar. There are a number of pubs in the Midlands or the North which still retain this set up, though these days the beer is fetched by the customer themself from the taproom or public bar.
One of these is The Vine, known locally as The Bull and Bladder, in Brierley Hill near Birmingham, another the Cock at Broom, Bedfordshire a series of small rooms served drinks and food by waiting staff.
By the early s there was a tendency to change to one large drinking room as breweries were eager to invest in interior design and theming.
Isambard Kingdom Brunel , the British engineer and railway builder, introduced the idea of a circular bar into the Swindon station pub in order that customers were served quickly and did not delay his trains.
These island bars became popular as they also allowed staff to serve customers in several different rooms surrounding the bar.
A "beer engine" is a device for pumping beer, originally manually operated and typically used to dispense beer from a cask or container in a pub's basement or cellar.
The first beer pump known in England is believed to have been invented by John Lofting b. Netherlands d. Great Marlow Buckinghamshire an inventor, manufacturer and merchant of London.
The London Gazette of 17 March published a patent in favour of John Lofting for a fire engine, but remarked upon and recommended another invention of his, for a beer pump:.
The said Patentee hath also projected a Very Useful Engine for starting of beer and other liquors which will deliver from 20 to 30 barrels an hour which are completely fixed with Brass Joints and Screws at Reasonable Rates.
A further engine was invented in the late eighteenth century by the locksmith and hydraulic engineer Joseph Bramah — Strictly the term refers to the pump itself, which is normally manually operated, though electrically powered and gas powered pumps are occasionally used.
After the development of the large London Porter breweries in the 18th century, the trend grew for pubs to become tied houses which could only sell beer from one brewery a pub not tied in this way was called a Free house.
The usual arrangement for a tied house was that the pub was owned by the brewery but rented out to a private individual landlord who ran it as a separate business even though contracted to buy the beer from the brewery.
Another very common arrangement was and is for the landlord to own the premises whether freehold or leasehold independently of the brewer, but then to take a mortgage loan from a brewery, either to finance the purchase of the pub initially, or to refurbish it, and be required as a term of the loan to observe the solus tie.
A trend in the late 20th century was for breweries to run their pubs directly, using managers rather than tenants.
Most such breweries, such as the regional brewery Shepherd Neame in Kent and Young's and Fuller's in London, control hundreds of pubs in a particular region of the UK, while a few, such as Greene King , are spread nationally.
The beer selection is mainly limited to beers brewed by that particular company. The Beer Orders ,  passed in , were aimed at getting tied houses to offer at least one alternative beer, known as a guest beer , from another brewery.
This law has now been repealed but while in force it dramatically altered the industry. Some pubs still offer a regularly changing selection of guest beers.
A PubCo is a company involved in the retailing but not the manufacture of beverages, while a Pub chain may be run either by a PubCo or by a brewery.
In a number of the largest PubCo's were regulated and tied tenants in England and Wales got new statutory rights to go free of tie or to have disputes heard by the Pubs Code Adjudicator.
Pubs within a chain will usually have items in common, such as fittings, promotions, ambience and range of food and drink on offer. A pub chain will position itself in the marketplace for a target audience.
One company may run several pub chains aimed at different segments of the market. Pubs for use in a chain are bought and sold in large units, often from regional breweries which are then closed down.
Newly acquired pubs are often renamed by the new owners, and many people resent the loss of traditional names, especially if their favourite regional beer disappears at the same time.
In about half of Britain's pubs were owned by large pub companies. A brewery tap is the nearest outlet for a brewery's beers.
It is usually a room or bar in the brewery itself, although the name may be applied to the nearest pub. The term is not applied to a brewpub which brews and sells its beer on the same premises.
Together these characteristics differentiate pubs from restaurants and hotel bars, although some pubs also serve as restaurants or hotels.
A gastropub is a hybrid pub and restaurant , notable for serving good quality beer, wine and food. In , The Good Food Guide suggested that the term has become irrelevant such is its commonality these days.
A "country pub" is simply a rural drinking establishment, though the term has acquired a romantic image typically of thatched roofs and whitewashed stone walls.
The term roadhouse was originally applied to a coaching inn, but with the advent of popular travel by motor car in the s and s in the United Kingdom, a new type of roadhouse emerged, often located on the newly constructed arterial roads and bypasses.
They were large establishments offering meals and refreshment and accommodation to motorists and parties travelling by charabanc.
The largest roadhouses boasted facilities such as tennis courts and swimming pools. Their popularity ended with the outbreak of the Second World War when recreational road travel became impossible, and the advent of post-war drink driving legislation prevented their full recovery.
A theme pub is a pub which aligns itself to a specific culture, style or activity; often with the intention of attracting a niche clientele.
Many are decorated and furnished accordingly, with the theme sometimes dictating the style of food or drink on offer too. Examples of theme pubs include sports bars, rock pubs, biker pubs , Goth pubs, strip pubs , karaoke bars and Irish pubs.
A micropub is a very small, modern, one room pub founded on principles set up by Martyn Hillier, the creator of the first micropub, The Butchers Arms in Herne, Kent in A "nolo" or "No Lo" pub serves only non-alcoholic and low-alcoholic beverages.
The legislation stated "Whosoever shall brew ale in the town with intention of selling it must hang out a sign, otherwise he shall forfeit his ale.
William Shakespeare 's father, John Shakespeare , was one such inspector. Another important factor was that during the Middle Ages a large proportion of the population would have been illiterate and so pictures on a sign were more useful than words as a means of identifying a public house.
For this reason there was often no reason to write the establishment's name on the sign and inns opened without a formal written name, the name being derived later from the illustration on the pub's sign.
The earliest signs were often not painted but consisted, for example, of paraphernalia connected with the brewing process such as bunches of hops or brewing implements, which were suspended above the door of the pub.
In some cases local nicknames, farming terms and puns were used. Local events were often commemorated in pub signs. Simple natural or religious symbols such as 'The Sun', 'The Star' and 'The Cross' were incorporated into pub signs, sometimes being adapted to incorporate elements of the heraldry e.
Some pubs have Latin inscriptions. Other subjects that lent themselves to visual depiction included the name of battles e.
Trafalgar , explorers, local notables, discoveries, sporting heroes and members of the royal family. Some pub signs are in the form of a pictorial pun or rebus.
For example, a pub in Crowborough , East Sussex called The Crow and Gate had for some years an image of a crow with gates as wings.
Most British pubs still have decorated signs hanging over their doors, and these retain their original function of enabling the identification of the pub.
Today's pub signs almost always bear the name of the pub, both in words and in pictorial representation. The more remote country pubs often have stand-alone signs directing potential customers to their door.
Pub names are used to identify and differentiate each pub. Modern names are sometimes a marketing ploy or attempt to create "brand awareness", frequently using a comic theme thought to be memorable, Slug and Lettuce for a pub chain being an example.
Interesting origins are not confined to old or traditional names, however. Names and their origins can be broken up into a relatively small number of categories.
As many pubs are centuries old, many of their early customers were unable to read, and pictorial signs could be readily recognised when lettering and words could not be read.
Pubs often have traditional names. A common name is the "Marquis of Granby". He showed a great concern for the welfare of his men, and on their retirement, provided funds for many of them to establish taverns, which were subsequently named after him.
Traditional games are played in pubs, ranging from the well-known darts,  skittles ,  dominoes ,  cards and bar billiards ,  to the more obscure Aunt Sally ,  nine men's morris  and ringing the bull.
In recent decades the game of pool  both the British and American versions has increased in popularity as well as other table based games such as snooker  or table football becoming common.
Increasingly, more modern games such as video games and slot machines are provided. Pubs hold special events, from tournaments of the aforementioned games to karaoke nights to pub quizzes.
Some play pop music and hip-hop dance bar , or show football and rugby union on big screen televisions sports bar.